Information and Data Privacy Security, Breach and Notification
The Broadalbin-Perth Board of Education (the Board) acknowledges the heightened concern regarding the rise in identity theft and the need for secure networks and prompt notification when security breaches occur. The Board adopts the National Institute for Standards and Technology Cybersecurity Framework Version 1.1 (NIST CSF) for data security and protection. The Data Protection Officer is responsible for ensuring the district’s systems follow NIST CSF and adopt technologies, safeguards and practices which align with it. This will include an assessment of the district’s current cybersecurity state, their target future cybersecurity state, opportunities for improvement, progress toward the target state, and communication about cyber security risk.
The Board will designate a Data Protection Officer to be responsible for the implementation of the policies and procedures required in Education Law §2-d and its accompanying regulations, and to serve as the point of contact for data security and privacy district. This appointment will be made at the annual organizational meeting.
The Board directs the Superintendent of Schools, in consultation with appropriate business and technology personnel including the Data Protection Officer to establish regulations which address:
the protections of “personally identifiable information” (“PII”) of student and employees under Education Law §2-d and Part 121 of the Commissioner of Education;
the protections of “private information” under State Technology Law §208 and the NY SHIELD Act; and
procedures to notify persons affected by breaches or unauthorized access of protected information.
I. Student and Employee “Personally Identifiable Information” under Education Law §2-d
A. General Provisions
Personally Identifiable Information (PII) as applied to student data is as defined in the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (“FERPA”), which includes certain types of information that could identify a student, and is listed in the accompanying regulation 8635-R. PII as applied to employee data, includes results of Annual Professional Performance Reviews that identify the individual teachers and principals, which are confidential under Education Law §§3012-c and 3012-d, except where required to be disclosed under state law and regulations.
The Data Protection Officer will see that every use and disclosure of PII by the district benefits students and the district (e.g., improve academic achievement, empower parents and students with information, and/or advance efficient and effective school operations). However, PII will not be included in public reports or other documents except where otherwise permitted or required, by Federal or State law or regulations, including, but not limited to, disclosure of directory information permitted under FERPA.
The district will protect the confidentiality of student and employee PII while stored or transferred using industry standard safeguards and best practices, such as encryption, firewalls, and passwords. The district will monitor its data systems, develop incident response plans, limit access to PII to district employees and third-party contractors who need such access to fulfill their professional responsibilities or contractual obligations, and destroy PII when it is no longer needed or legally required to be maintained.
Under no circumstances will the district sell PII. It will not disclose PII for any marketing or commercial purpose, facilitate its use or disclosure by any other party for any marketing or commercial purpose, or permit another party to do so. Further, the district will take steps to minimize the collection, processing, and transmission of PII.
If kept, the District will not report the following types of information to the State Education Department except where required by law or in the case of enrollment data:
juvenile delinquency records;
medical and health records; and
student biometric information.
The district has created and adopted a Parent’s Bill of Rights for Data Privacy and Security (see Exhibit 5676-E). It has been published on the district’s website at www.bpcsd.org and can be requested from the district clerk.
B. Third-party Contractors
The district will ensure that contracts with third-parties maintain confidentiality of PII for any students or employees in accordance with federal and state law and district policy.
Each third-party contractor that will receive student data or employee data must:
adopt technologies, safeguards and practices that align with the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Cybersecurity Framework (CF) (https://www.nist.gov/cyberframework);
limit internal access to PII to only those employees or sub-contractors who need access to provide the contracted services;
not use the PII for any purpose not explicitly authorized by contract;
not disclose any PII to any other party without the prior written consent of the parent or eligible student (i.e., students who are eighteen years old or older):
except for authorized representatives of the third-party contractor to the extent they are carrying out the contract; or
unless required by statute or court order and the third-party contractor provides notice of disclosure to the district, unless expressly prohibited.
maintain reasonable administrative, technical and physical safeguards to protect the security, confidentiality and integrity of PII in its custody;
use encryption to protect PII in its custody; and
not sell, use, or disclose PII for any marketing or commercial purpose, facilitate its use or disclosure by others for marketing or commercial purpose, or permit another party to do so. Third party contractors may release PII to subcontractors engaged to perform the contractor’s obligations, but such subcontractors must abide by data protection obligations of state and federal law, and the contract with the district.
If the third-party contractor has a breach or unauthorized release of PII, it will promptly notify the district in the most expedient way possible without unreasonable delay but no more than seven calendar days after the breach’s discovery.
C. Third-Party Contractors’ Data Security and Privacy Plan
The district will ensure that contracts with all third-party contractors include the third-party contractor’s data security and privacy plan. This plan must be accepted by the district.
At a minimum, each plan will:
outline how all state, federal, and local data security and privacy contract requirements over the life of the contract will be met, consistent with this policy;
specify the safeguards and practices it has in place to protect PII;
demonstrate that it complies with the requirements of Section 121.3(c) of this Part;
specify how those who have access to student and/or employee receive or will receive training on the federal and state laws governing confidentiality of such data prior to receiving access;
specify if the third-party contractor will utilize sub-contractors and how it will manage those relationships and contracts to ensure PII is protected;
specify how the third-party contractor will manage data security and privacy incidents that implicate PII including specifying any plans to identify breaches and unauthorized disclosures, and to promptly notify the district;
describe if, how, and when data will be returned to the district, transitioned to a successor contractor at the district’s direction, deleted or destroyed by the third-party contractor when the contract is terminated or expires.
The district will provide annual training on data privacy and security awareness to all employees who have access to student and employee PII.
Any breach of the district’s information storage or computerized data which compromises the security, confidentiality, or integrity of student or employee PII maintained by the district will be promptly reported to the Data Protection Officer, the Superintendent, and the Board of Education.
The Superintendent, in consultation with the Data Protection Officer, will establish procedures to provide notification of a breach or unauthorized release of student or employee PII, and establish and communicate to parents, eligible students, and district staff a process for filing complaints about breaches or unauthorized releases of student and employee PII.
II. “Private Information” under State Technology Law §208
“Private information” is defined in State Technology Law §208, and includes certain types of information, outlined in the accompanying regulation, which would put an individual at risk for identity theft or permit access to private accounts. “Private information” does not include information that can lawfully be made available to the general public pursuant to federal or state law or regulation.
Any breach of the district’s information storage or computerized data which compromises the security, confidentiality, or integrity of “private information” maintained by the district must be promptly reported to the Superintendent and the Board of Education.
The Board directs the Superintendent, in accordance with appropriate business and technology personnel including the Data Protection Officer, to establish regulations which:
Identify and/or define the types of private information that is to be kept secure;
Include procedures to identify any breaches of security that result in the release of private information; and
Include procedures to notify persons affected by the security breach as required by law.
III. Employee “Personal Identifying Information” under Labor Law § 203-d
Pursuant to Labor Law §203-d, the district will not communicate employee “personal identifying information” to the general public. This includes:
social security number;
home address or telephone number;
personal email address;
Internet identification name or password;
parent’s surname prior to marriage; and
drivers’ license number.
In addition, the district will protect employee social security numbers in that such numbers will not be:
publicly posted or displayed;
visibly printed on any ID badge, card or time card;
placed in files with unrestricted access; or
used for occupational licensing purposes.
Employees with access to such information will be notified of these prohibitions and their obligations.